We identified 167 publicly reported settlements that resulted in policy changes and over $2,246,987,900.00 in monetary compensation to victims.

Data was last updated September 6, 2022

Settlements
Location Year Description Outcome
Wichita, Kansas 2021

The parents of Marquez Smart filed a wrongful death lawsuit against the Wichita Police Department on behalf of their deceased son. In July 2021, the City of Wichita settled for $900,000.

The lawsuit alleged that police officers used excessive force when arresting Marquez Smart, a 23-year-old African American man, in 2012. In 2020, after a 2018 ruling dismissing the Smarts’ case, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 10th Circuit found that by the time the police fatally shot Smart, he was on the ground with his arms stretched out. The City of Wichita agreed to settle the case for $900,000 to prevent the suit from going to federal court.

Compensation
$900,000.00
Montgomery County, Maryland 2021

Arnaldo Pesoa filed a lawsuit against the Montgomery County Police Department alleging that an officer used excessive force when arresting him in 2019. In July 2021, Montgomery County agreed to pay Pesoa $400,000 to settle the case.

Pesoa was arrested in Aspen Hill, Maryland in 2019. During the arrest, Officer Kevin Moris kneed Pesoa in the back of his head and neck after he was already restrained. Pesoa filed his lawsuit in 2020, alleging that he suffered a concussion and severe bleeding as a result of the knee to his head. After video evidence was presented, the Department agreed to settle the case.

Compensation
$400,000.00
Kansas City, Missouri 2021

The Kansas City Police Department agreed to end their use of banishment orders and to conduct training on the First Amendment rights of protestors in order to settle a lawsuit stemming from protests against police misconduct in June 2020.

The lawsuit alleged that the Department had violated Theresa Taylor’s right to protest by banning her from returning to the Country Club Plaza after arresting her and 100 others during protests against police brutality. The banishment order provided that, if Taylor were to return to the Country Club Plaza, she would be arrested and charged. The settlement clears the banishment order, prohibits officers from adding conditions of bond release beyond those imposed by the court, and requires officers to be trained on free speech, anti-bias, and de-escalation practices.

Policy changes
Murray, Utah 2021

Donna Miller filed a civil rights lawsuit against the Murray City Police Department, accusing an officer of racial bias. The City of Murray agreed to settle her case for $152,000.

The lawsuit alleged that Officer Jarom Allred pulled over Donna Miller, a 62-year-old African American woman, for not having valid insurance and, after proving that she did, saying he suspected Miller was intoxicated. Miller was held at the police station for three hours, during which time her car was searched, and was forced to take several sobriety tests, despite all tests, including blood tests for eight different substances, coming back negative. The city nonetheless charged her with DUI, suspending her license, and forcing her to pay to have her license reinstated after all charges were dropped. Following her 2018 arrest, she filed a lawsuit for the racial bias she experienced, and the city settled the case for $152,000.

Compensation
$152,000.00
Columbus, Georgia 2021

The family of Hector Arreola filed a lawsuit against the Columbus Police Department following his death during an interaction with police officers. The Columbus City Council agreed to pay $500,000 to the Arreola family to settle the case, with $490,000 of those funds going to the guardian of Hector Arreola’s young child.

Arreola died in 2017 shortly after a struggle with police officers who he had called to check on his mother. A police officer allegedly sat on Arreola for over two minutes while he said he couldn’t breathe 16 times. The lawsuit alleged that Arreola went into cardiac arrest following brain damage he endured from the force the officers used when restraining him. In July 2021, the Columbus City Council decided to settle before trial for $500,000. 

Compensation
$500,000.00
Portland, Oregon 2021

The Portland City Council agreed to settle a lawsuit brought by a former Portland police officer against officer Robert Bruders for creating a hostile work environment and sexually harassing the former officer.

The Portland City Council agreed unanimously to a $250,000 settlement. Bruders, who has faced other claims of wrongful behavior, will be partially responsible for a total of about $800,000 being paid to his victims. The city has paid other settlements because of Bruders’ actions including his beating of Jason Cox, a man who was detained by police on suspicion of drunk driving.

Compensation
$250,000.00
Baton Rouge, Louisiana 2021

The family of Alton Sterling, a Black man who was shot and killed by a White officer outside of a convenience store in 2016, will be compensated $4.5 million by the City of Baton Rouge.

This settlement was a result of a family lawsuit against the city and others. Sterling was shot and killed when officers responded to a report that there was a Black man selling CDs outside a convenience store who had brandished a gun. Sterling’s death set off national protests. In 2017, the Justice Department failed to bring federal charges against the officers and Louisiana’s attorney general said the officers would not face state charges.

Compensation
$4,500,000.00
Valdosta, Georgia 2021

The City of Valdosta, Georgia will pay a $350,000 settlement to a Black man who was injured when a police officer slammed him to the ground.

In 2020, Antonio Arnelo Smith was slammed to the ground by a police officer who alleged that he wrongly thought Smith had an outstanding arrest warrant. In addition to the financial settlement, the city shared that they would create a civilian review board to oversee local police and make policy recommendations. The creation of a citizen panel was Smith’s primary priority in the lawsuit. Body camera footage captured how the police officer pinned Smith’s hands behind his back and proceeded to slam him into the ground, face-first.

Policy changes
Compensation
$350,000.00
Honolulu, Hawaii 2021

The Honolulu City Council voted to pay $1 million to settle the wrongful death lawsuit of Cameron Johnson, a 19-year-old who was shot and killed in 2017 during an officer’s investigation of a stolen vehicle.

The lawsuit cast doubt on police testimony. Cameron Johnson was shot by a police officer who had a brief conversation with Johnson while he was in his vehicle and then started firing. Witnesses were right behind Johnson’s vehicle and confirmed that the officer shot Johnson multiple times and that the submitted police testimony of the situation was incorrect.

Compensation
$1,000,000.00
San Jose, California 2021

A $6 million settlement was awarded to Andy Martin who was run over by a police SUV.

On March 2, 2018, Martin got into a verbal altercation with a security guard at Eastridge Mall which led to the guard calling the police. Martin and his cousin were approached by SJPD officer Alexandre Ribeiro who was in his patrol SUV. Court records say the officer drove off the road over a curb onto the jogging trail Martin was on with his cousin. When Martin moved out of the vehicle’s way, Officer Ribeiro swerved to hit the plaintiff and then backed over his body. Martin suffered pelvis fractures, a broken ankle, nerve damage and other lasting injuries.

Compensation
$6,000,000.00
Baton Rouge, Louisiana 2021

Baton Rouge will pay $35,000 in a settlement involving a 16-year-old who was strip-searched during a traffic stop in January 2020.

Baton Rouge officers strip searched and groped two people, including the 16-year-old, on a public street when conducting a “frisk” during a traffic stop. A federal judge said the officers “demonstrated a serious and wanton disregard” for constitutional rights. During a news conference about the settlement, the police chief said department policies were violated during the stop, including conduct unbecoming of an officer, a violation of BRPD's body-worn camera policy, and another violation regarding warrantless searches.

Compensation
$35,000.00
Dubuque, Iowa 2021

The City of Dubuque will pay a $1.8 million settlement in a gender discrimination lawsuit after a former police captain alleged that the city and police chief created a culture of sexism within the department.

Abby Simon brought a suit against the city and Chief Mark Dalsing in 2019. Simon sued on grounds of gender discrimination, harassment, and retaliation. Additionally, Simon expressed in the lawsuit that she was passed over in 2016 and 2017 for promotion to captain although she had better test and interview scores than the men who were promoted. 

Compensation
$1,800,000.00
Columbus, Ohio 2021

The City of Columbus will pay $10 million, the largest settlement in the city’s history, to the family of Andre Hill, who was fatally shot by a police officer, Adam Coy, in December 2020. Hill was unarmed and posed no threat.

The shooting was captured by Coy, via his body camera. However, his body camera footage does not have sound since he was on a non-emergency call. Coy has a history of complaints. Hill was visiting a family friend when he was shot while Coy was responding to a neighbor’s non-emergency complaint about someone stopping and starting a car outside.

Compensation
$10,000,000.00
Buffalo, New York 2021

The City of Buffalo will pay $215,000 to settle four lawsuits concerning police misconduct that occurred between 2010-2018 .

The cases settled involved Tremel Stone, who was shot by a police officer when fleeing arrest in 2010, Rodriguez Howard, who was injured in a car crash with a police vehicle in 2018, Sabriena Chiles, who was unlawfully arrested and imprisoned in 2016, and Raymond Walker, who was pulled over by an officer in 2018 for crossing a double yellow line without signaling. These settlements prompted a push for a civilian review board to investigate incidents of police misconduct.

Compensation
$215,000.00
Washington, D.C., District of Columbia 2021

D.C. will pay $1.6 million to settle two lawsuits that alleged the D.C. police department engaged in false arrests, excessive force, and unlawful conditions of confinement for those arrested during demonstrations on Inauguration Day in 2017.

More than 100 protestors alleged that police officers used excessive force such as chemical irritants, batons, and grenades when handling demonstrators.

Compensation
$1,600,000.00
New York, New York 2021

A group of plaintiffs was awarded $750,000 on claims of injury caused by “sound cannons” during protests following the death of Eric Garner in 2014.

Under the settlement agreement in this excessive force case, the New York City Police Department also agreed to stop the use of the high-frequency “deterrent” or “alert” tone on its long-range acoustic devices, which the department has used in the past primarily to communicate with large crowds.

Policy changes
Compensation
$750,000.00
Cedar Rapids, Iowa 2021

The City of Cedar Rapids settled an $8 million lawsuit in the wrongful shooting of Jerime Mitchell.

Sergeant Lucas Jones was fired in June 2020 for “violating department policy,” after shooting and paralyzing Jerime Mitchell. Jones was not indicted by a grand jury, but Mitchell filed a civil suit against him and the City of Cedar Rapids. The civil suit alleged Jones engaged in deceptive police practices and misconduct, such as violating police policies and procedures and turning off his recording equipment to hide his violations of police department policies.

Compensation
$8,000,000.00
Evanston, Illinois 2021

The Evanston City Council accepted a $90,000 settlement to resolve a class-action lawsuit against the Evanston Police Chief, Demitrous Cook, who uploaded booking photos of over 30 people to his public Snapchat story.

The lawsuit was filed in May 2020 and claims that Cook violated plaintiffs’ 14th Amendment right to due process by publicly releasing their personal information. The photos contained plaintiffs’ full names, birth dates, and home addresses. Further, the lawsuit alleges that since only photos of non-White people were uploaded, there was a violation of plaintiffs’ right to Equal Protection. However, White people have committed criminal acts in Evanston yet were not subject to their personal information being released. Therefore, the complaint argues “[B]y treating minority civilians and Caucasian civilians in such a different manner, Defendant Cook violated Plaintiffs’ right under the Fourteenth Amendment to Equal Protection.”

Compensation
$90,000.00
Los Angeles, California 2021

The City of Los Angeles will pay about $1.6 million to settle three lawsuits filed against the Los Angeles Police Department for fatal shootings by the police and police misconduct at a “character building camp” operated by the department for children ages 6 to 12.

The city’s payouts include settlements of cases brought by private persons and cases brought by police officers against the Los Angeles Police Department. These payouts are connected to a longer history of the city paying over $245 million to remedy legal claims against the police department over the past 5.5 years.

Compensation
$1,600,000.00
Minneapolis, Minnesota 2021

The City of Minneapolis agreed to pay George Floyd’s family $27 million to settle the family’s lawsuit. Floyd’s murder by Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin in 2020 set off national and international protests concerning police brutality and racial justice.

The payout is another act in a series of police brutality payouts by Minneapolis: it was only two years ago when the city paid out $20 million to the family of Justine Ruszczyk, a woman killed by then-police officer Mohamed Noor.

Compensation
$27,000,000.00
New Jersey 2021

The City of Millville agreed to a $95,000 settlement of a lawsuit accusing a police officer of falsely testifying before a grand jury.

Millville Police Officer, Albert Chard Jr., testified that he was dragged by David Carpenter’s pick-up truck. Chard’s testimony led to a grand jury indicting Carpenter for aggravated assault on a police officer and eluding a police officer. A surveillance camera nearby showed that Chard “was not dragged across the street and that Carpenter did absolutely nothing to support his being indicted by the grand jury.” Carpenter was emotionally distressed over the incident, rarely leaving his house due to being ashamed. He filed suit in 2018. The settlement was described as a “compromise” made by the city’s insurer “for the sole purpose of terminating the litigation.”

Compensation
$95,000.00
Honolulu, Hawaii 2021

The City of Honolulu settled a lawsuit for $150,000 in which a Honolulu police officer was accused of wrongfully arresting a 15-year-old who claimed to be bullied by the officer’s son at school.

Jorge Rivera and his mother Jennifer Rivera sued the City and County of Honolulu, officer Kirk Uemura, and others in federal court. The lawsuit alleged that Uemura’s son and Rivera got into a fight over a girl. The following day, Uemura arrested Rivera after following his school bus to a nearby high school. He summoned other officers to take Rivera to the Kailua police station where the young boy was detained in handcuffs. The case highlighted the lack of policy in the Honolulu Police Department to prohibit officers from involving themselves in cases where they have a conflict of interest. A policy has since been recommended by the Honolulu Police Commission.

Policy changes
Compensation
$150,000.00
Portland, Oregon 2021

The City of Portland settled with the family of Quanice Hayes, a Black teenager who was shot and killed by a Portland police officer in 2017. Hayes’s family will receive around $2.1 million to settle the wrongful death lawsuit.

On February 9, 2017, Portland police officer Andrew Hearst, shot Hayes three times with an AR-15 rifle from 10 feet away. Hayes was on his knees with hands in the air. Police had cornered Hayes in a driveway in Northeast Portland, following reports of armed carjackings in the area. Hayes was not armed when Hearst killed him. A month later, Hearst was acquitted by a grand jury.

Compensation
$2,100,000.00
Rocky Mount, North Carolina 2021

A man was awarded $250,000 to settle a lawsuit where he claimed that he was assaulted and unlawfully arrested by a police officer.

Harold Cox filed suit, claiming that officer Michael Lamm body slammed him to the ground on September 7, 2018, and shattered his hip when trying to defuse an altercation between him and two women. Cox’s injuries required medical attention. Over a year and a half after the incident occurred, Cox was served an arrest warrant when Lamm falsely stated that Cox assaulted one of the women by hitting her with a homemade doorstop. The District Attorney’s Office eventually dismissed the charges.

Compensation
$250,000.00
Springfield, Illinois 2021

Springfield, Oregon officials announced a $150,000 settlement agreement with two men to dismiss their claims of excessive use of force by Springfield police.

Jubal Chaplin and Caleb Beechem sued the city and several officers in January 2020. They claimed that Springfield law enforcement officers unlawfully arrested them, detained them, and used excessive force. Beechem’s injuries included a broken wrist and “multiple deep bruises to his head;” Beechem’s injuries also required 12 stiches to his lip.

Compensation
$150,000.00

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